Hall WJ. Chong J H, 2009. In: Laird M, ed. An erroneous record for Algeria in Ben-Dov (1994) was based on a misinterpretation of Balachowsky (1926), which mentioned the threat to Algeria posed by M. hirsutus. Paris, France: EPPO. Revue Frantais d'Entomologie, 18:38, Matile-Ferrero D, Etienne J, Tiego G, 2000. Immune response of the hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), to oviposition of the parasitoid Anagyrus kamali Moursi (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Tracking the pink hibiscus mealybug (Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green) and the success of its parasitoids in Miami-Dade County, Florida, using the GPS/GIS mapping system. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300039420, Williams D J, 2004. The first report of mealybugs was the pink hibiscus species, which was discovered around 2001 in Florida. Figure 5. USA. Insects of Saudi Arabia. A cooperative classical biological control project against the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), infestation in the low-desert region of California was initiated in the fall of 1999. http://archives.eppo.org/EPPOReporting/Reporting_Archives.htm, EPPO, 2014. Williams D J, Watson G W, 1988. The ladybug Cryptolaemus montrouzieriis known to feed on all stages of the mealybug. Biological Control Life Cycle The adult female is about 0.12 in. Halaybeh M, Katbeh-Bader A, 2010. "For 12 years, the DoA has been on alert and monitoring the spread of PHM throughout the region," said Chief Agricultural and Veterinary Officer Dr Alfred Benjamin. Pink hibiscus mealybugs parasitized by A. kamali DOI:10.2307/3496235, Miller DR, Ben-Dov Y, Gibson G, 1998. Hibiscus twig infested by pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). ©Alessandra Rung/Scale Insects/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US. This is the first confirmed report of PHM […] The waxy filaments are short and females are usually obscured by this white mealy wax. In: Jayara S, ed. Because pink hibiscus mealybug attacks so many crop and Pink hibiscus mealybugs parasitized by A. kamali produce "mummies" and have an exit hole where the adult wasp emerges. 76 (2), 351-357. 23 (1), 73-77. The pink hibiscus mealybug, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); adult females. natural enemies can be collected and we have obtained permits for importing these natural enemies into quarantine for evaluation. Public awareness programmes were also important; public co-operation avoided heavy use of pesticides that might have impaired establishment of the biological control agents, and the public helped to disseminate the natural enemies (Kairo et al., 2000). Within the British Virgin Islands M. hirsutus has been recorded on Tortola (CABI/EPPO, 1997) and Virgin Gorda and St. Thomas (Natural History Museum collection, London, UK). Ascot, UK: International Institute of Biological Control, Williams DJ, 1985. ScaleNet, Maconellicoccus hirsutus. USA, ©Jeffrey W. Lotz/Florida Division of Plant Industry/Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. List of Coccoidea (Homoptera) of China. Natural enemy species have been identified for which a (PrTsence de la cochenille de l'Hibiscus, Maconellicoccus hirsutus a Saint-Martin (Hemiptera, Pseudococcidae)). Scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Insects on plants in the Maldives and their management. 2/98. Australian mealybugs. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86(5):617-628; 50 ref, Williams DJ, Watson GW, 1988. This pest will attack ornamental plants in yards and parks. Anon., 2000. Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) species on economically important fruit crops in Sri Lanka. The pink hibiscus mealybug has been reported to reproduce asexually (parthenogenesis) in Egypt. Mealybugs are common indoor pests. The Afrotropical species of the subgenus Gitonides Knab of the genus Cacoxenus Loew, with larvae predatory on mealybugs (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Credits: Marshall Johnson, Native natural enemies are expected to provide some control. Hibiscus cannabinus as a trap crop of mealybug in mulberry. IPPC Official Pest Report., Rome, Italy: FAO. 1606. Agric. An infestation was eradicated from Florida. CABI, Undated. Although pink hibiscus mealybug has been known to be present in California since 1999 it remains under official active management programs including survey and biological control. If left uncontrolled, it will kill plants and even trees. News item. This parasitoid has been released on islands in the Caribbean and appears to be providing substantial control already. Photograph by Marshall Johnson, Department of Entomology, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Patil S V, Salunke B K, Patil C D, Salunkhe R B, Pankaj Gavit, Maheshwari V L, 2010. PQR database. Lemon HN, Borland J, 1997. Insecta Mundi (1999) 13(3/4): 189-202, Miller DR, Ben-Dov Y, Gibson G, 1998. Sex pheromone of the female pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae): biological activity evaluation. 92 (2), 248-254. In cotton, the growing parts are attacked, resulting in bunchy growth. Pink Cochineal in the State of São Paulo: Distribution and Host Plants. Notes and exhibitions. Matile-Ferrero D, Etienne J, 1996. Predatory ladybugs may provide some suppression of high pest populations, but are not expected to provide adequate control of lower populations because the beetles require large numbers of mealybugs to survive. A brief account of the hibiscus mealybug Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), a pest of agriculture and horticulture, with descriptions of two related species from southern Asia. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Very high mealybug populations can kill plants. For biological control purposes, M. hirsutus can be reared in the laboratory on pumpkins, particularly those varieties with creases in the skin (Japanese pumpkin, Cucurbita moschata; acorn squash, Cucurbita pepo var.

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