Photo source : ICRISAT, Traditional seeds are hardy, undemanding and suited to the conditions of their native regions. However, all this does not mean that just about any indigenous seed should be freely used by farmers. They are also more prone to pest attacks and diseases. Finally, remember that native forbs go with native grasses. But in cultivation, the successful gardener must become familiar with several simple pre-sowing seed treatment methods … In the wild, seeds will lie dormant until the proper conditions for growth occur. b ��ʎ�:�d�s�`��3�� �)� �w��ZT� ���{�v ��z�l=��VwG`�3#�`ˈA|�u��ll�� �6�X �~qXq���~�X���B=F,�� ;�E���v~�!z�NeЅ��v,��o<6��|y��a| �����Xۧ�%\������.���>V�G_?Pg�8���{jc'x��t{�Y�U�W!|�Z�e����j� ���ݟı��z��x_W�ۓ�̀ċ�z�Dd+ˣ@�A/g��^ G`��*k`'�E���A�M����f��T�?-��(b�@� �2���xV�!�oI������|w8��k1�ρ�X�gV=���`lj�O���r`�2��8�a;�'Q`̣�A�Q`�S��= In some western countries, it is now illegal for farmers to share or sell even their local seed varieties on the grounds that the seeds are not certified! 0 Some Native Americans found squash seeds in a pot about 800 years old and revived the plant for the first time in centuries. Pearl millet is a traditional staple food in Asia and Africa where it has been cultivated for centuries. 1605 0 obj <> endobj Many sensible people are now enjoying the adventure, discovery and benefits that come with taking an active role in ecological landscape restoration. h��Xmo�6�O��[,��� I֬�6��vX���%Bm)�զ����H�R,�q� �q��x$�2ULJR�4a��'1�N$8%�g�H��6���6���ؘb���2#0�c��Ԅsck �qLeDk^P")G ��3�+��)�!�PC�Z{B͍�UDf�4�4%�v$���Cq�W/^$�:��1����vW$�����'��w�K Many farmers save seeds selectively after seeing the vigour and growth of individual plants. Any forb planting (with the possible exception of small garden plantings) should include native grasses. %PDF-1.5 %���� Hybrid seeds on the other hand are developed for very specific situations and have precise water and nutritional requirements, generally on the higher side. The so-called green revolution has resulted in a massive loss of on-farm biodiversity. They are threatened today and ironically the largest genebanks are held by those interested in their genetic code, not preservation, According to the late Dr. Richharia, the well-known rice scientist, there are over 200,000 varieties of rice in India alone. Native American Seed - Wildflowers and Native Prairie Grasses. One of the most negative results of the commercialisation of agriculture is the total dependence by the farmer on external sources for all his farming inputs, including seeds. The seeds from the large, bright orange squash have been distributed to native communities and to others, including some college students in Canada who grew a … In 2014, Taylor made this dream a reality with the establishment of Sacred Seed. L`��p�dn�f���V�A�� �$��LvP09�p� ��b3�u ���@��G�i�e����'4B���~����W���$ؿA��U� ������Eݬ��0 +P�~W�`� �*. ڐ��$���"��Y"}�� +�B� NR_0 Whereas earlier farmers used to save and share their seeds, today they depend wholly upon seed companies for their requirements. Compared to hybrid seeds , they are hardy, pest-resistant, withstand unfavorable conditions in the area of their origin, require less water and nutritional inputs, fit in better in the organic method of farming and may even have special characteristics such as nutrition, fragrance … Both hybrid seeds and non-hybrid seeds have their pros and cons. Native Seed Germination Codes and Instructions. The positives for hybrid seeds are that they tend to perform better in your garden in terms of more fruits and vegetables produced, more plants surviving disease and pests and more flowers. h�bbd``b`V�@��0�`��� n"�`� �D�� �H�F ~c�)� m*@�+H���#���t!���� � ;|S Compared to hybrid seeds, they are hardy, pest-resistant, withstand unfavorable conditions in the area of their origin, require less water and nutritional inputs, fit in better in the organic method of farming and may even have special characteristics such as nutrition, fragrance or colour. endstream endobj startxref Traditionally, native grass and forbs have been planted separately using the grass or fluffy-seed box for the native grass seed and the small-seed box for the forbs. 1648 0 obj <>stream There are a number of reasons why it makes sense to use indigenous or traditional seeds (called heirloom seeds in the West). Besides being costlier, hybrids cannot be saved or shared with any benefit to the farmers. h�b```�zV��� ��ea�hpRha`�`�{tQӹ����?��i���v�qy��������cXG۶� D���� .�@�Uq��&ŵ�j�Љ���y�{G3Tt4��8� 3C%q��E�_Z@Z��AcTa`��������Y���K�n���|�&|�L@s���i��_���}%����� ��,(�X'8 i��W �� � ʵYn The number of traditional varieties is therefore not surprisingly remarkable. The presence of native grass aids with weed suppression, supplies fuel for prescribed burning and provides fall color and support for tall wildflowers. In fact, even where improved varieties are not hybrids, it is usually illegal for farmers to save or share such seeds. Indigenous seeds are more suitable to a particular region or situation than any hybrid variety. The following bean, corn and squash varieties have been traced to Native American tribes and are currently available from the seed companies indicated. Juniper berries (seeds) are also used to make ghost bead necklaces. Juniper is a broad category of trees, some of which have common names that include “cedar” , such as “red cedar” that is widely used to make boxes and line drawers. Planting native seeds is one small, but important step in safeguarding the web of life.

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