do = object distance, di = image distance, h = P P’ = object height, h’ = Q Q’ = image height, F = the focal point of the convex mirror. The mirror formula is applicable for both, plane mirrors and spherical mirrors (convex and concave mirrors). Let AB be an object placed on the principal axis of a convex mirror of focal length f. u is the distance between the object and the mirror and v is the distance between the image and the mirror. A mirror formula can be defined as the formula which gives the relationship between the distance of object ‘u’, the distance of image ‘v’, and the focal length of the mirror ‘f’. Formula: Convex Mirror Equation 1 / f = 1 / d 0 + 1 / d i f = 1/ ((1/d o) + (1/d i)) d o = 1/ ((1/f) - (1/d i)) d i = 1/ ((1/f) - (1/d o)) Where, f = Focal Length d o = Object Distance d i = Image Distance Dividing both sides of the equation (4) by uvf we get. The mirror equation is, 1/O + 1/I = 2/R = 1/f. This video introduces lenses and gives the lens makers formula. Determine the image distance and the diameter of the image. A’B’ is the virtual image of the object lying behind the convex mirror as shown in the figure. But DE = AB and when the aperture is very small EF = PF. The mirror formula derivation is provided here so that students can understand the concept of the topic in a better way. Let AB be an object placed on the principal axis of a convex mirror of focal length f. u is the distance between the object and the mirror and v is the distance between the image and the mirror. Equation (2) becomes From equations (1) and (3) we get [PF = f, PB 1 = v, PB = u, PC = 2f] derive mirror formula for a convex mirror. Draw LN perpendicular on the principal axis. AB / A'B' = BP – FP / FP ………. Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day. Want a call from us give your mobile number below, For any content/service related issues please contact on this number. Verify your number to create your account, Sign up with different email address/mobile number, NEWSLETTER : Get latest updates in your inbox, Need assistance? Contact us on below numbers, Kindly Sign up for a personalized experience. This video explains the types of curved mirrors and few of their uses. Mirror Formula for Convex Mirror. (i) Again, ΔA'B'F ~ ΔFCN. … See Answer Answer: d i = -8.1 cm and h i = 0.909 cm AB / A'B' = … Since N' is very close to point p, FN' is similar to FP and BN' is similar to BP. Let AB be an object lying on the principle axis of the convex mirror of small aperture. AB / A'B' = FN / B'N – FN [CN = AB] Since, N is very close to P, B'N is similar to B'P and FN is similar to FP. Copyright Notice © 2020 Greycells18 Media Limited and its licensors. All rights reserved. It’s used to calculate the radius of curvature and focal length of a curved mirror. The focal length is the distance from the center of the mirror in which reflect light is most densely focused. What is a focal length? A 2.80-cm diameter coin is placed a distance of 25.0 cm from a convex mirror that has a focal length of -12.0 cm. But DE = AB and when the aperture is very small EF = PF. Based on the figure below, there are two beams of light to a convex mirror, and the convex mirror reflects the beam of light. CN / A'B' = FN / B'F. This video explains refraction of light and dispersion by prism. The sign conventions for the given quantities in the mirror equation and magnification equations are as follows: f is + if the mirror is a concave mirror; f is - if the mirror is a convex mirror; d i is + if the image is a real image and located on the object's side of the mirror. d i is - if the image is a virtual image and located behind the mirror.

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