During the breeding season, pairs of golden eagles will hunt cooperatively when pursuing agile prey such as jackrabbits. These birds are dark brown, with lighter golden-brown plumage on their napes. They also inhabit canyon lands, cliffs, and bluffs. Golden Eagles maintain territories that may be as large as 60 sq mi. Golden eagle pairs maintain territories that may be as large as 60 square miles. The golden eagle is long-lived, with a life span in the wild up to 38 years and up to 50 years in captivity. They generally inhabit mountainous regions up to 12,000 feet in elevation. Nests are usually positioned on cliffs but are also sometimes located in trees, on the ground or on high man-made structures (observation towers, nesting platforms, electrical towers). Golden eagles feed on a variety of mammal prey such as rabbits, hares, ground squirrels, marmots, pronghorn, coyotes, foxes, deer, mountain goats, and ibex. They are among the most popular of national emblems of the world (they are the national bird of Albania, Austria, Mexico, Germany, and Kazakhstan). Golden eagles inhabit a wide range that stretches throughout the Northern Hemisphere and includes North America, Europe, northern Africa and the northern parts of Asia. The golden eagle has beautiful plumage, regal bearing and superb flying and hunting prowess. The adult golden eagles are dark brown but they are golden from the back of the crown. The tip of its bill is black but it becomes light-shaded afterwards and yellow from the base. The golden eagle is among the largest birds in North America. They also eat reptiles, fish, birds or carrion if other prey is scarce. Measuring 75 to 90 centimeters (2.5 to 3 feet) in length, the golden eagle has a wingspan from 1.9 to 2.3 meters (6.2 to 7.4 feet) . Like all raptors, golden eagles are carnivores and formidable hunters. * This map is intended as a guide. How Are Male & Female Snowy Owls Different? Although not as easily recognizable as its bald-headed cousin, the golden eagle is equally magnificent. Though size differs by subspecies, these eagles are typically weigh from 8-11 lbs., and have a 6-9 ft. wingspan. One of the most distinguishable features of the golden eagle is its enormous size. They have dark brown eyes and long, broad wings, Their tail is a lighter, grayish brown as are the undersides of their wings. Golden eagles construct nests out of sticks, vegetation and other materials such as bones and antlers. They line their nests with softer materials such as grasses, bark, mosses or leaves. Adult individuals are generally similar to each other, though the males are notably smaller than females. The golden eagle is among the largest birds in North America. When Do Bald Eagles Lay Their Eggs After Mating? They stay with the same mate for years and often for life. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, The Cornell Lab of Ornithology: The Golden Eagle, The Difference Between Male & Female in Black-Capped Chickadees. The golden eagle has been a federally protected species since 1962, and several international groups dedicate themselves to the welfare of golden eagles and eagles in general. The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is a large diurnal bird of prey whose range extends across the Holarctic region (a region that encircles the Arctic and encompasses areas within the Northern Hemisphere such as North America, Europe, northern Africa, and northern Asia). The feathering of their body is dark brown, except with golden to blond colored plumage on the back of the head as well as white colored feathers at the base of the tail. They are large and powerful enough to take down an adult deer, but they typically feast on rodents, rabbits, reptiles, birds, fish and occasionally carrion or stolen prey from other birds. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. It's not until after their first year of life that bald eagles start to show their distinctive areas of white plumage. The nests are large and deep, sometimes as much as 6 feet wide and 2 feet high. Interesting Facts About the Yellow-Eyed Penguin. Its plumage is dark brown with flecks of gold coloring around the head and neck. During this time, the male will bring food for the sitting female. While Golden Eagles usually fly at average speeds of 28–32 mph, they can glide quickly at up to 81 mph and can reach 150 mph when diving after prey. The Golden eagle is a majestic and powerful bird of prey. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Their plumage is mostly dark brown. When viewed in profile, golden eagles' heads appear relatively small while the tail seems quite long and broad. Their legs are feathered their full length, all the way to their toes. Young golden eagles have white patches located at the base of their tail as well as on their wings. Juvenile bald eagles do have mottled underbellies, and they don't shine in the same way that golden eagles do—but it's tough to spot these differences in a bird in flight. The U.S. They can swoop down on their quarry at speeds up to 150 miles per hour, and the striking force of their powerful talons have been compared to the force of a bullet. They typically live between 15 to 20 years but have been known to live as long as 30 years. They also have incredibly larg… Often a pair of eagles will return and use the same nest for several years. Golden eagles either occur as solitary birds or are found in pairs. Much of the reason for their success is the result of conservation projects to protect both the birds and their habitats. The golden eagle is found throughout much of the northern hemisphere. Immature eagles of this species typically have white on the tail and often have white markings on the wings. 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