In these schools, 70,000 students are enrolled. School van transport is a valuable perk for our teachers. Mosharraf Zaidi, campaign director, Alif Ailaan, Islamabad, Pakistan @mosharrafzaidi. There are three different specialization streams in lower-secondary education: science, humanities, and technical. The world has a demand for them and as education levels rise in almost every country, lack of education in Pakistan helps meet that demand. The main federal oversight body in higher education is the Higher Education Commission (HEC), a constitutionally established autonomous institution responsible for the regulation, accreditation, and funding of higher education in the country. The Balochistan Education Sector Plan (2013-2020) provided a holistic strategy and roadmap for guiding the reforms process over the following five years. A famous quote of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah: “Education is a matter of life and death for Pakistan. Current lists of recognized universities, campuses, authorized transnational providers and programs, as well as illegally operating institutions are available here. Examples of the latter include the 10+3 Diploma in Nursing and Diploma of Associate Engineer (DAE)—qualifications that are examined by state boards of technical education and boards of nursing education. One credit hour is equivalent to 50 minutes of classroom instruction each week throughout a semester of 16 to 18 weeks’ duration. Reasons why Parents don’t Enroll Child in School: Best was the time when there was big respect for degree holders. In this article, we will focus on the serious flaws, drawbacks, and issues in the education system of Pakistan and will give the real solution to those problems as well. These plans are partially driven by international pressure and concerns about political radicalization (see the section on madrasah education below). On the other hand, Islamic traditions remain very much alive in a society that is up to 96 percent Muslim, the majority of them Sunnis. Zobaida Jalal, former minister of education, Balochistan, Pakistan @ZobaidaJalal. Depending on the location and predominantly in rural areas, regional languages are used as well, particularly in elementary education. Promoting Better Management, p. 21. Osipian, Ararat L. 2013. And by grade nine, merely 13 percent of young women are still enrolled in school. Consider that Karachi is projected to become the third-largest city in the world with close to 32 million people by the middle of the century. this documents is really helpful, thanks rehmant Ullah for your contribution. The Muslim-majority country was established in its current form after the partition of former British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, and the subsequent secession of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan, in 1971. Like neighboring India, Pakistan has a higher education system made up of relatively few degree-granting universities but close to 3,000 colleges and other teaching institutions that are affiliated with these universities. The Muslim-majority country was established in its current form after the partition of former British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, and the subsequent secession of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan, in 1971. No Unity (Different Curriculum/Syllabus): 6. Despite this growth, however, overall participation rates in tertiary education remain extremely low in Pakistan: The country’s tertiary GER stood at only 9 percent in 2018, compared with 29 percent in neighboring India and 21 percent in Bangladesh. There are different mediums of education. If a job isn’t provided he/she becomes a burden on the society. Education System in Pakistan Issues and Problems PDF (Download Here), Essay on Education System in Pakistan With Outlines PDF (Download Here), How to Improve Education System in Pakistan PDF (Download Here), Current Literacy Rate in Pakistan 2020 (Updated). There is English medium school system, Urdu medium school system and madrassa system. The majority of HEIs and tertiary students are clustered in the province of Punjab. It remains the predominant language of instruction in private schools but has been increasingly replaced with Urdu in public schools. Among the most pressing shortcomings of Pakistani universities is a shortage of senior teaching staff. There should be proper training programs for teachers to learn how to teach and engage students. The grading scale and minimum passing requirements are the same as in the SSC exams. Gender disparities are rampant with boys outnumbering girls at every stage of education. For one, the precarious economic conditions and employment prospects in Pakistan are a major push factor for both international students and the hundreds of thousands of labor migrants leaving Pakistan each year. This represents a significant increase from 2013 when there were 1,650 institutions with approximately 315,000 students. The other two tiers comprise the remainder of DAIs (tier 2) and affiliated colleges (tier 3). Even so, access to colleges remains heavily skewed toward urban areas. The Government of Balochistan has invested time and resources in a number of structural and governance reforms since 2013. Beyond the dearth of funds, many observers note that the efficiency of the Pakistani system is also undermined by poorly managed top-down governance structures, a lack of qualified faculty and cooperation between institutions, red tape, comparatively high levels of corruption, and patronage networks in which positions are filled based on political allegiances rather than objective qualifications. According to UNESCO statistics, the number of outbound Pakistani degree-seeking students grew by 70 percent over the last decade, from 31,156 in 2007 to 53,023 in 2017. Education is considered as a profitable business in Pakistan. However, programs can vary in length. While Pakistan’s current National Education Policy of 2017 calls for spending to increase to 4 percent, expenditures on education are estimated to have actually decreased to 2.4 percent of GDP in 2018/19. Much of the rapid growth in Pakistan’s research output is owed to an incentivization system that ties academic journal publications to faculty promotions and financial rewards.


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