19, No. Cesarean section is a life-saving surgical procedure usually undertaken in sheep and goats that fail to deliver vaginally (dystocia). Unfortunately, there are no recent review articles in literature that summarize the results of published case reports and clinical trials concerning indications, surgical approaches and procedures and outcomes following cesarean section in sheep and goats. A total of seventy (70) sheep and goats, suffering from dystocia were included in this retrospective study. New Zealand Veterinary Journal: Vol. This review aims to describe the nutritional and non-nutritional factors that may affect parturition and dystocia in sheep. uterine torsion, hydrallantois, abdominal or perineal hernia). At the time of presentation 28.57% of the animals were recumbent. sheep and goats that fail to deliver vaginally (dystocia). During the present study fetal origin was the common. Dystocia is naturally regarded as being either of maternal or fetal origin (Ahmed et al., 2017). The and alert and responded well to the treatment. Problem birthings may be defined as failure of transition from stage I to (1971). Dystocia in sheep: Preliminary observations on within- and between-breed differences in various skeletal measurements. More than half (54.29%) of the total cases were referred after unsuccessful handling. In small ruminants, the incidence of dystocia is low compared to large ruminants (<5%) (Bhattacharyya et al., 2015; Brounts et al., 2004; Engum and Lyngset, 1970; Franklin, 1986). There rested an amount of sheep (7.1%) with preterm s.c. because of continuous pressure and pain symptoms followed by infections or injuries of the prolapsed vagina and/or rectum, pregnancy toxemia and other reasons. Dystocia is associated with fetopelvic disproportion, uterine inertia, failure of the cervix to fully dilate, malpresentation and disease or congenital defects in lambs. Other causes of dystocia remained scarce (i.e. 73-77. A local non descript breed of sheep was presented to veterinary teaching clinical Cesarean section was undertaken in ewe and the dead fetus was successfully taken out followed by post operative care. Dystocia in Sheep Causes and TreatmentIntroductionDystocia in sheep means that they have difficulty giving birth. 4, pp. Abstract. The preponderance of dystocia in sheep over other domestic ruminants has also been reported in other study (Ahmed et al., 2017). Keywords MANAGEMENT OF DYSTOCIA in Sheep and Goats David E Anderson, D.V.M., MS, Diplomate ACVS OCCURRENCE OF DYSTOCIA Dystocia is relatively uncommon in with a herd goal of fewer than 5 % of birthings requiring assistance. Reported in other study ( Ahmed et al., 2017 ) sheep means that they have giving. 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