In fact, Dumont highlights the ‘state of mind’, which ti expressed by the emergence in various. Home >> Indian Thinkers >> Dumont's perspective on caste system. He focused on the need to understand the ideology of caste as reflected in the classical texts, historical examples etc. Dumont maintains that many of the lndologists confuse the Varna with caste, mainly because the classical literature is concerned almost entirely with the varnas. Varna literally means type, order, colour or class  and was a framework for grouping people into classes, first used in Vedic Indian society. Louis Dumont’s modern classic, here presented in an enlarged, revised, and corrected second edition, simultaneously supplies that reader with the most cogent statement on the Indian caste system and its organizing principles and a … In the 1970’s somewhere Dumont’s study of caste system provoked interest in other scholars. Dumont feels one cannot speak of the castes without mentioning the varna, to which Hindus frequently attribute the castes themselves, India has the traditional hierarchy varna, ‘colours’ or estates whereby four categories are distinguished: By his interpretation, caste was different from other forms of social stratification through the ‘disjunction’ of ritual status and secular (political and economic) power within the same social system The subordination of the political and economic criteria of social stratification to that of ritual status in Dumont’s model, however, plays down the significance of social change in colonial and contemporary times. Paper $43.00 ISBN: 9780226169637 Published January 1981 Not for sale in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldive Islands, Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. An inventory of sources of change in the caste system lists judicial and political changes, social-religious reforms, westernization, and growth of modern professionals, urbanization, spatial mobility and the growth of market economy. the "keystone" in Dumont's model of the caste system. In India, persons affected by this kind of event are treated as impure for a prescribed period, and Indians themselves identify this impurity with that of the untouchables. This opposition underlies hierarchy which means superiority of the pure and inferiority of impure. Madan presumed that Dumont’s analysis is an exercise in deductive logic. Louis Dumont's modern classic, here presented in an enlarged, revised, and corrected second edition, simultaneously supplies that reader with the most cogent statement on the Indian caste system and its organizing principles and a provocative advance in the comparison of societies on the basis of their underlying ideologies. In his work The History of Dharmashastra, P.V. But, the opposite has always been two extreme categories, i.e., Brahmin and untouchables. He regarded this as behavioural change, rather than a radical transformation of the system as a whole, at the level of values or principles. The study of the caste system done by Dumont gave birth to many debates. RAJ RAS (Rajasthan Ras) is an initiative towards building a platform for preparation to RAS/IAS Exams, About Us  | Advertise with RajRAS | Contact Us, All Rights Reserved © Copyright 2017-2020 - Rajras.in, GOI blocks 43 mobile apps from accessing by users in India, November 2020: Night Curfew in 8 Districts, FM announces Aatmanirbhar Bharat 3.0 Stimulus, Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Disclaimer. Interdependent of work or division of labor each group having in theory or by tradition, a profession from which their members can depart only within certain limits. Louis Dumont's modern classic, here presented in an enlarged, revised, and corrected second edition, simultaneously supplies that reader with the most cogent statement on the Indian caste system and its organizing principles and a provocative advance in the comparison of societies on the basis of their underlying ideologies. It is referred to frequently in the ancient Indian texts. Dumont felt that the study of the caste system is useful for the knowledge of India, and it is an important task of general sociology. Dumont highlights temporary and permanent impurity. Dumont highlights the state of mind which is expressed by the emergence in various situations of castes. It is "the principle by which the elements of a whole are ranked in relation to the whole, it being understood that in the In larger areas of the world, death, birth and other such seclusion of the affected persons, for instance, the newly delivered mother was actually excluded from the church for forty days at the end of which she would present herself carrying a lighted candle and would be met at the church porch by the priest. The four classes were the Brahmins (priestly people), the Kshatriyas (also called Rajanyas, who were rulers, administrators and warriors), the Vaishyas (artisans, merchants, tradesmen and farmers), and Shudras(labouring classes). Other key principles were purity and impurity, also being religious, and interdependence by which parts are interrelated, and related to the whole. This principle also underlies separation which means pure and impure must be kept separate. And, if it accounts for the contrast between Brahmins and untouchables, can it account equally for the division of society into a large number of groups, themselves sometimes extremely sub-divided? It is of the greatest importance to realise at once that, as employed by him, the notion "is quite independent of natural inequalities or the distribution of power" (p 20). For Dumont, the dominant principle of Hindu caste system was hierarchy – hierarchy, of course, of a religious, rather than of a political, sort. Did not caste lose its political significance as late in the 18th and 19th centuries? The untouchables, being ‘impure’, and segregated outside the village, were not allowed to draw water from the same wells from which the Brahmms did so. Caste system and its Implications: For him caste is set of relationships of economic, political and kinship systems, sustained by certain values which are … 3. Dumont says that caste is not a form of stratification but a special form of inequality whose essence has to be deciphered by the sociologists. Here he identifies hierarchy as the essential value underlying the caste system supported by Hinduism. The varna categorisation implicitly had a fifth element, being those people deemed to be entir… Caste system is a hereditary classification of people in a society, distinguishing people by relative degree of social prestige or status. His analysis is based on a single principle-the opposition of pure and impure. From System to Structure: Louis Dumont’s modern classic, here presented in an enlarged, revised, and corrected second edition, simultaneously supplies that reader with the most cogent homi on the Indian caste system and its organizing principles and a provocative advance in the comparison of societies on the hieraarchicus of their underlying ideologies. Even, the objects are considered as pure and impure; silk is purer than cotton, gold than silver, than bronze, than copper. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of … 2. Untouchabilitywas considered illegal: Gandhi renamed untouchables as ‘Harijan’s or ‘Sons of Hari’, that is, creatures of God. He focused on the need to understand the ideology of caste as reflected in the classical texts, historical examples etc.He advocated the use of an Indological and structuralist approach to the study of caste system and village social structure in India. He views that traditional interdependence of castes has been replaced by “a universe of impenetrable blocks, self-sufficient, essential, and identical and in competition in one another.” Dumont calls this the ‘substantialization of castes’. 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