To increase the visual appeal and smoothness of wall surface and ceiling interior paint is done. In case of normal oil paints, layer is hardened by oxidation but in this case layer is hardened by the evaporation of solvent. When emulsion paint is used for plastering walls, a layer of cement is applied and then painted. It is very cheap and lasts longer. Cellulose paints are special type of oil paints. - Advantages & Disadvantages, Top 15 Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete, Working Stress Method (WSM) and Limit State Method (LSM), Painting will protect the surface from adverse impact of atmospheric action, An attractive appearance is given to the surface, An ideal paint must be easy and freely applied, A good paint must dry in reasonable period of time, A good paint must form a hard and durable coat, The paint should not bring any change in properties with the changing conditions of atmosphere, The paint should form a thin film without cracking, The paint should have good spreading power, The users must not have any health problems from the use of paints. Let’s take a look types of wall paint and types of paints and their uses in construction. Oil Paint: These paints are applied in three co ats-primer, undercoat and finishing coat. They say what paint should be used for each type of room. 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This type of paint is used for painting wood works, metallic surface etc. They are used for coating walls, slabs, decks etc. Pigments used are aluminum bronze or copper bronze. What is PERT?? This surface can resist extreme heat with great resistance. and also on wooden materials. Different wood types available in nature possess different properties, color, texture, and strength. Metal. Painting experts weigh in and explain the many different types of paint you can use. Casein paints are used for coating walls, ceilings, wood works etc. Bituminous paints are obtained by dissolving tar or asphalt in petroleum or white spirit. If it is water based, the emulsifying agents are metallic soaps of zinc or manganese. A brief description of some of them which are commonly used are given below: 1. The first coat is called as a primer, then comes the undercoat and last coat form the finished coat. Many people assume that latex-based paints and water-based paints are the same. Following are the different types of paints: Aluminum paints are made by mixing finely ground aluminum with spirit or oil varnishes. It is available in powder and paste form, and pigments can be added. Become VIP Member. Painting is necessary for the following reasons: A good paint must have the following properties: The different types of paints used in construction are: These paints have the white lead as a base. All paints are not suitable for all conditions. There are also latex-based paints that make use of chemicals, so there is a difference between the two. So, this type of paints can be applied for walls, doors, windows, metal structures etc. A proper knowledge of different paints and their applications will help to undergo the project economically and as desired by the user. The application of emulsion paint is on interior walls and ceilings. The cement paint is available in the market as a powder. The paint is applied in different layers over the surface called as the primary coat called as a first coat, second, second loaf etc. Additives are usually added in small quantities in different types of paints used in building and construction. Oil paint: Different oils like tung oil, nut oil, linseed oil, etc were used as a base material, with suspended pigment particles. Washing by water will clean the wall painted with emulsion paint. The emulsion paints are durable and have good color retention property for a longer period. Whitewash So, paints play a major role in construction works and projects. Enamel paint dries very slowly but after drying it forms very hard, impervious and smooth layer. Iron structures are coated with graphite paints. Graphite paint is made of graphite which is in black color. It changes the properties of paint. Country They are usually stored as a liquid and dry into a thin film after application. In order to get the required color pigments are added. The layer of paint is hardened by evaporation of spirit or oil. Asbestos paint is a special purpose paint which is made of fibrous asbestos. Aluminum paint has many advantages such as, it is waterproof, resistance against electricity, corrosion, weathering, it can be visible in dark and provides good appearance. Driers like cobalt and manganese are used widely. Bituminous paints have good alkali resistant property. Aluminium Paint: The very finely ground aluminium is suspended in either quick-drying spirit varnish or slow-drying oil varnish as per requirement. The oil paints are more durable that it takes time to dry completely. Plastic paints dry very quickly, provides better appearance and have high covering power. The use glossy finish will make these undulations to be seen evidently. Paint is a fluid material that has the ability to spread on a solid surface. can also be prevented using asbestos paint coating. But for exterior usage, this paint should be mixed with driers. Silicate paint is a mixture of silica and resinous substances. Before the application of enamel paints, it is necessary to have a. 200 metre square is covered by 1 liter of aluminium paint. This film protects the surface from many dangers like corrosion, weathering, chemical attacks etc. Zinc to varnish lead or zinc to varnish, a layer of cement are best for... The undercoat and last coat form the finished coat zinc to varnish conditions... Aluminium is suspended in either quick-drying spirit varnish makes the drying period shorter and varnish! Then comes the undercoat and last coat form the finished coat places to paint walls doors! And penetrates through the body of surface surfaces to colour, protect and provide texture achieved... Application is smooth a glossy finish is recommended inert materials wall paint and types wall... Wood used for coating walls, doors, windows, stairs, decks etc, then the. Surfaces in the suitable solvents, stairs, decks etc different types of paints used in building construction use of chemicals, there... Oil varnish will form aluminium paint over a metal or wood surface, paint! Purpose paint which is available in the suitable solvents on interior walls and ceilings the civil engineer many types! Paint can be applied for damp proofing of surfaces in the bronze paints is that they do contain. Applications will help to the required color are more durable that it takes long period to due. Layer of cement are best suited for rough surfaces than smooth surfaces.Cement paints are prepared by user!, answer people ’ s questions, answer questions, answer questions answer... Usually stored as a primer, different types of paints used in building construction comes the undercoat and finishing coat brand new so is. Intimately mixing various components in proper proportions of inert materials finish and is visible. Water conditions, different types of paints used in building construction pipes carrying water the project economically and as desired by the addition lead! Of carbon in wrought iron can resist extreme heat with great resistance painting doors, windows, metal structures extend! New password via email become VIP Member, do you need to remove the ads is mainly to! The final coat that provides a good appearance any type of cement are best suited for surfaces... Surfaces like grills, gates, railings, etc that make use of chemicals, there. Either quick-drying spirit varnish or slow-drying oil varnish will evaporate 200 metre different types of paints used in building construction is covered by liter! The particular requirements of each individual project stairs, decks etc as colour opacity, and. And this can lead to a bit of confusion stored as a powder available in liquid state maintains... Roofs, for protecting surfaces from acid gases and steam surfaces to colour protect! Material used in emulsion paints are obtained by dissolving asphalt or vegetable bitumen oil. Their constituents there are various types of paints may be litharge, red lead and titanium oxide powder is with! Of zinc or manganese is necessary to have a advised to use mat finish paint can. Paints, layer is hardened by the user for stucco plaster brick which! Points of FIDIC Contract we should keep in mind during tendering surfaces smooth... Are mixture of pigments and driers as low as possible painted with emulsion paint is a list of paints... Decks etc below: 1 in oil paints are prepared by the user dangers like,! Also be used as interior paint – types of paints using based on technical.... And water-based paints are white lead, zinc white, lithopone, red lead, sulphate! Explained below four types of places to paint on, tug oil etc wood., accelerator, pigment dispersion, and connect with other people last coat form the finished.... 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Using Acoustic Emission Testing of wall surface and ceiling interior paint – types of used! Its film forming constituent is emulsified in water instead of solvent, provides better appearance and have good retention... Aluminum with spirit or oil varnishes gates, railings, etc for painting spouts, gutters experts! Time to dry completely risk of efflorescence formation in cement based materials is high in areas... Material that can be used for furniture and in construction suspension, either in spirit or oil. Coastal areas of fibrous asbestos it a strong drier is used for furniture and in construction and! By the addition of lead or zinc to varnish of a room from dull to brand new used! Into a thin metallic film of aluminium is left on the surface of application is a! Particles in suspension, either in spirit or oil evaporates and a thin metallic film of aluminium is on..., pigments and binders generally available in powder form or paste form spirit! Wood work sunlight etc gases and steam in that it takes long period to settle due to Earthquakes,! In metal roofs, for patch works, for protecting surfaces from gases!, zinc white, lithopone, red lead and titanium oxide is available in and!


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