There are eight indigenous ethnic groups: the Quitirrisi, Matambu, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba. Historically they have been located in the province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas. Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Factbook > Countries > Costa Rica > Demographics. Costa Rica is located in southern part of Central America. Indigenous Costa Ricans strive to keep their cultural traditions and language alive. Indigenous people of Costa Rica, or Native Costa Ricans, are the people who lived in what is now Costa Rica prior to European and African contact and the descendants of those peoples. Even when some diversity is accepted, the idea of racial democracy in which the racial/ethnic dimension of social inequalities is denied is also quite common in the region, and Costa Rica is a prominent example due to its higher They were the largest pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa Rica. Ethnic groups: white or mestizo 83.6%, mulatto 6.7%, indigenous 2.4%, black of African descent 1.1%, other 1.1%, none 2.9%, unspecified 2.2% (2011 est.) They inhabit the indigenous territory of Matambú and surrounding communities (Nicoya and Hojancha cantons). Costa Rica Ethnic groups. It is bounded on the east by the Caribbean Sea and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live in reservations. case of Costa Rica as in some South American countries). Dances, music, and food are among the legacies of the Chorotega indigenous people. 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