They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passerellidae. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partly joined at the base. These web-footed birds include the ducks, geese, and swans (Order Anseriformes). Alcids are superficially similar to penguins due to their black-and-white colors, their upright posture, and some of their habits; however they are not closely related to penguins and are (with one extinct exception) able to fly. The limpkin is an odd bird that looks like a large rail, but is skeletally closer to the cranes. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down. Finches are seed-eating passerines. Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. It is found in marshes with some trees or scrub in the Caribbean, South America and southern Alabama. Many swifts have very long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. The males have colored inflatable throat pouches. There are 420 species that comprise the official Alabama Ornithological (the study of birds) Society (AOS) state list. Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. Flammulated Owl: Small owl with two color morphs (gray-brown and rufous) with … A University of Alabama Center for Economic Development project. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. They have long wings, short legs, and very short bills. The Laridae are a family of medium to large seabirds and containing the gulls, terns, kittiwakes, and skimmers. Pandionidae is a family of fish-eating birds of prey, possessing a very large, powerful hooked beak for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. Zenaida macroura. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae. Several species often hold their tails upright. Learn to Identify Birds in Alabama! Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. Of the 449 species, 155 are considered accidental, 13 of which are further considered hypothetical. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cardinalidae. Common in all seasons in all inland regions. Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. In the Bohemian and cedar waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax and give the group its name. Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae. Tyrant flycatchers are passerines which occur throughout North and South America. Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. They are large, black, or black-and-white, with long wings and deeply forked tails. Loons swim well and fly adequately but, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body, are clumsy on land. Bill is pink. The species tend towards dull grays and browns in their appearance. What was the primary COLOR of the Perching-like bird you saw in Alabama? They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. The 20 or so species that regularly inhabit Alabama's many ponds, rivers, lakes, and coastal waters are excellent swimmers. Six species were introduced to the state, three are extinct, and one whic… Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae. A spotting scope is useful during fall. Six species were introduced to the state, three are extinct, and one which is listed as extirpated might also be extinct. Most, but not all, are rather plain. New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong, curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. Official State Bird The northern flicker, popularly known as the yellowhammer, is the state bird of Alabama. Birds of Alabama This guide is a reference for identifying species of birds reported from Alabama. [2] Of the 449 species, 155 are considered accidental, 13 of which are further considered hypothetical. [3] Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list, except that the common names of families are from the Clements taxonomy because the AOS list does not include them. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Icteriidae. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. They have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Storks are large, heavy, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills and wide wingspans. Learn the different types of raptors found in Alabama, their identifying characteristics and typical habitats. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Anhingas, also known as darters or snakebirds, are cormorant-like water birds with long necks and long, straight beaks. Many of these have distinctive head patterns. Their plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Wrens are small and inconspicuous birds, except for their loud songs. Birds that are considered probable escapees, although they may have been sighted flying free, are not included. This list of birds of Alabama contains species documented in the U.S. state of Alabama, as accepted by the Bird Records Committee (BRC) of the Alabama Ornithological Society. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Most eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or sand. Most members of this family are insectivores. Some have crests. Between when that list was published and July 2020, three additional species have been documented through eBird. Head has stark black crown, face, and throat. Most have black as a predominant plumage color, often enlivened by yellow, orange, or red. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tyrannidae. Alabama also adopted an official state game bird in 1980 (eastern wild turkey). Fall Birds of Alabama (September, October, November) Fall migration is a protracted affair in Alabama, beginning in summer and lasting into winter. The turkey vulture has a red head. It was placed in its own family in 2017. The black vulture has a gray head. They are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. Herons and egrets are wading birds with long necks and legs. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike most other birds which can only go upwards. Their food is insects and seeds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Corvus brachyrhynchos OTHER NAMES: Common crow STATUS: Breeder. The Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey containing the falcons and caracaras. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. The following status codes have been used to annotate some species: The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. Mourning Doves are the most widespread and most frequent backyard bird in the Lower 48 states of the… The storm-petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more secretive. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Common Birds of Alabama. Gray cheek patch is marked by a thin, black line. Smaller than a warbler or chickadee, this plain green-gray bird has a white eyering and a white bar on the wing. Their relatively long necks and often stubby, broad beaks make them an easy group to recognize. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. Bald Eagle. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. The mimids are a family of passerine birds which includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. When in a group, they may also "dance" for no particular reason, jumping up and down in an elegant manner, seemingly just for pleasure or to attract a mate. Most of the more than 150 species in the family are found in the New World. They are typically gray or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. Order: Cathartiformes   Family: Cathartidae.

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